10 Terms You Need to Know For Stoneware Pottery

Ceramic, porcelain and stoneware, what's the difference?

A mixture of water and clay that has a very mushy consistency. This mixture is used as glue when two slabs of clay are placed together.

A score is when you scratch the surface of a piece of clay. Scoring is normally done before adding the slip mixture. This helps the slip penetrate the clay and join the two piece of clay together more efficiently.

Pinch Pot
A pinch pot piece is made by pinch a mass of play into a particular shape or design.

A kiln is used to fire all stoneware pieces. This piece of equipment normally takes up to 8 hours to heat to the desired temperature (2000 F) and than takes almost a full 12 hours to completely cool down.

Greenware is the state clay is in before it is placed into the kiln. This is the point in time where the clay has no water in it and is dry to the touch.

This is the state that clay is in when it is taken directly out of the kiln and is hard enough to start the glazing process.

These are designs that are added to clay formations to add extra decorations during the final stages.

Pin Tools
Sharp tools that are used to cut and incise designs to your clay mold.

Coil Pot Construction
Coil pots are made by melding numerous ropes made out of clay together. By changing the size of the rope in different areas of the pot, you can also change the style and size of your project.

Potters Wheel
A potters wheel is a manual/electric machine that has a rotating disk meant for clay throwing. This is a must have for anyone who enjoys creating vases and bowels.


  • Science Lesson: How Pottery Glaze Works
  • Many pottery pieces have a glossy finish that looks like glass was melted to the outside of the piece. This is called a glaze and melted glass is a good description of the process. [...]

You cannot help but learn more as you take the world into your hands. Take it up reverently, for it is an old piece of clay, with millions of thumbprints on it.